The 1970s were an exciting time for the Council, which grew and expanded and as criminal justice reforms occurred. Branches were formed in almost all States and in the territories, and most governments provided financial support.
Thanks, largely, to financial grants and the federal government, a full time and paid Secretariat was set up.
A Journal was published regularly and biennial conferences continued to be held at various places around the country. Sub committees did important work which contributed in a constructive fashion to the debate about many issues including bail, community based corrections, prison visiting, minimum standards for the treatment of prisoners, alternatives to imprisonment, prisoner rehabilitation schemes, and compensation and aid to the victims of crime.
Sixth National Conference Brisbane 1971
The Sixth National conference was held in Brisbane from 14 to 20, August 1971. Opened by the Governor of Queensland, Sir Alan Mansfield, and attended by 111 delegates, the conference was addressed by Dr John Robson, formerly Minister of Justice in New Zealand, and attended by the Attorneys General of Queensland and Tasmania and the Minister for Justice in New South Wales and many delegates. Prof W Buikhuisen, Director of Criminology from the University of Groningen, Netherlands, was also an overseas guest speaker.
At its conclusion the Conference adopted 18 resolutions including a proposal to convene regular sentencing exercises for judges and magistrates covering such topics as sentencing, periodic detention, parole and other para-penal disciplines.
The membership of the Council at this time comprised 36 individuals, 22 organizations, 8 police departments, 7 prisoners' aid organizations, and 8 Prison, Probation and parole organizations.
The main activity during 1972 and 1973 was the formation of Branches in several regions:
Victoria 25 October 1971
South Australia 28 January 1972
New South Wales 5 February 1972
Northern Territory 23 November 1972
Western Australia 19 February 1973
Judge Muirhead, of South Australia, who had been a Vice President of the Council and was the inaugural Chairman of the South Australian branch, was appointed in 1972 as the Acting Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology, which had then been established by the Commonwealth government.
During the 1970s the Council received funding from Federal and State Governments as well as from private subscriptions and donations. A National secretariat was established in Queensland. The Council shortened its name to the Australian Crime Prevention Council. The Council commenced publication of a quarterly journal distributed throughout Australia with an estimated readership of 20,000.
Seventh National Conference: Melbourne, 1973
The Seventh National Conference of the Council was held in Melbourne from 11th to 17th August 1973. The President of the Council was then Mr Justice McClemens of NSW and the Vice Presidents Judge Wilson from SA and Mr David Biles from Victoria. The conference was addressed by the Attorney General of Australia, Senator Lionel Murphy, and opened by the Governor of Victoria, Sir Rohan Delacombe. Contributors included Sir Leon Radzinowicz, Former Director of the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge UK, Justice Mitchell of South Australia, Dr Ivan Scheier of the National Information Centre on Volunteerism, Colorado USA, Prof. Norval Morris of the University of Chicago and Professor D Cressey of the University of California USA.
In his address Senator Murphy spoke of the intention that the Australian Institute of Criminology would become a significant contributor to criminology and to grown in International stature, and recognized the role of the Council and Sir John Barry in lobbying for its establishment.
344 delegates attended the conference and at the conclusion adopted 29 resolutions on a wide variety of topics including the provision of post-release hostels, the expunging of criminal records, and the provision by the AIC of a central referral point for voluntary agencies to exchange data.
Eighth National Conference: Adelaide, 1975
The Eighth national conference was held in Adelaide between 20th and 27th August, 1975 on the topic “Kids and Crime”. Justice Muirhead (pictured) was then President and Mr Frank Hayes and Judge ABC Wilson Vice Presidents. The Committee comprised Mr RC Wood SM (Secretary) Acting Senior Inspector G Sutton (Papua New Guinea), Mr J Stoll (Qld) Inspector G Fryer (NSW) Mr G Dye (Vic) Mr J McKay (Tas) Mr C Campbell (WA) Mr L Gard (SA) Hon Dawn Lawrie MLA (NT) Mr C Bevan (ACT) and Mr J H Purcel (NSW, Executive Director).
The Governor General Sir John Kerr opened the Conference, and guest speakers included Judge H Litsky (Family and Juvenile Courts, Calgary, Canada) and Sir Douglas Osmond (Chief Constable, Hampshire UK). 288 delegates attended and 7 resolutions were adopted specialising in juvenile related crime , including a call for research into the causal relationship between school failure and delinquency.
Ninth National Conference: Sydney, 1977
The Ninth National Conference was held in Sydney between 11th and 17th August 1977 on the topic “Society at Risk-The Crime Generators and the Victims”. The Premier of NSW, Hon Neville Wran QC opened the Conference and the Opening address was given by Dr Gerhard Mueller of the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch, United Nations Organisation.
10 specific themes were then discussed. Delegates came from all the states and territories and from PNG. Justice Muirhead remained President and Mr Frank Hayes and Judge Andrew Wilson as Vice Presidents, with Justice Wood of Tasmania as Secretary and Mr K Michalis as Treasurer.
Tenth National Conference: Hobart, 1979
Mr Frank HayesThe Tenth National Conference of the Council was held in Hobart Tasmania between 13th and 17th August 1979 under the topic “The Community and Crime Prevention”. The Governor General, Sir Zelman Cowan, opened the Conference, which examined long term crime prevention planning with particular emphasis upon community involvement. Special attention was paid to planning and development of urban areas, the possibility of police returning to the role of the neighbourhood friend and counsellor, and the development of educational practice which might assist in the social adjustment of children.
134 delegates attended and it was resolved to set up State Planning bodies to co-ordinate long term strategies for crime prevention, which the Council should initiate, that “Education for Living” programs should be promulgated in schools, that there should be a review of and change in direction of State Housing policies, and that there should be greater emphasis in police work towards a primary preventative role.
Justice Muirhead remained as National President and Mr Frank Hayes (pictured) joined by Mr P Johnson MP of Queensland were Vice Presidents.